Norway is considered in one of the top countries of the world. It is one of the richest countries and has the highest literacy rate. The lifestyle of Norway is far better than other European countries and the opportunities available over there are far more interesting than any other country all over the world. In this article, you will get to know about the history of Norway that how it came into being and what it is made up of.
Who discovered Norway?
Norway was claimed at that time which is known as the Vikings Age. It was discovered by the ones who were fearless warriors and who used to cover the sea like roads and people from all over the world made up Norway. The first king of Norway was Harald Fairhair who completed Norway and made it bigger by capturing smaller kingdoms with the help of others and by force.
Olaf who was the son of Harald had already converted his religion to Christianity when he was in England. And came back to Norway with full force so that he can convert this country into Christianity as well. But he was killed in this in the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030.
Then Olaf II came into power and he was the first king who held up the religion high. He builds many churches and there was a complete administration of the state at that time. Harald III his brother was killed in the process while he was trying to invade England.
Then there was a major calamity in Norway which weakened or destroyed Norway in many ways. That is known as The Black Death which almost destroyed the whole country from 1349 to 1350. It stayed in Norway for almost 6 months in which it was responsible for killing almost one-third of the population in Norway. This was the time when Norway was at its weakest politically and financially due to which they had to join hand with Sweden and Denmark at the Union of Kalmar. The kings of Denmark stayed and ruled over Norway till 1814.
After this, the development of this state started. Then after certain events and political factors finally it leads to an independent nation in 1905. Norway is known as one of the elite countries of the whole world. While Norway was under the rule of Denmark king there were few dominant elite people under the ruler who were working in religious and government parties for Norway and were considered as the administrators of Norway.
These administrators started working with the locals and gather complete information about Norway. About their land their geographical features and landscapes. From here Norway started its route towards literacy. Their history was written after this and everything was kept in the record about what happened in the Viking Age or the Medieval Period. How they went down and joined hands with Sweden and Denmark. Everything was written. After this, they turned their attention to the culture of Norway.
Everything was recorded when they started searching about the culture. How people were living over there, what clothes they are wearing. What do they do on special occasions, what are their hobbies what music they listen to, which language they speak. Everything was getting recorded and saved now. The culture, landscapes, and traditions are completely different in Norway if you start to compare it with the northern part of Europe.
This century is known as the best time of Norway’s history. This was the time when Norway made significant changes in their country. They made their economy better by doing more trades. There was more security than before and then the country was represented by the locals on the central administration of the state. After the incident of black death, many minority groups were extinct and a large number of people died in this. At this moment Norway’s population was at its lowest and the only land was left, which gave an opportunity to the farmers in which they can work on animal farming.
Norway became an independent nation in 1814 but still, the outsiders like Sweden and Denmark were settled in Norway and they kept on ruling over Norway for a very long time. It was in 1905 when Norway finally got rid of Sweden and stopped them from ruling their country. Until this time Norway had made its way in the union with Denmark and Sweden.
Norway is one of the most secular countries in which everyone is following their own religion. Everyone has complete freedom over their religion and they can practice it freely in Norway. A large number of immigrants are settled over here from all over the world and there is a wide variety of religions and everybody is welcomed with an open heart and arms over here.
The government also plays an important part when it comes to religion. No one is extremist over here and nobody has the right to stop anyone from practicing their religion. Christmas and Easter are some of the main holidays of Norway which is a sign of respect for their religion.
This is the basic history of Norway, although there are very long chapters and books when it comes to the history of Norway. Norway you see nowadays is a complete opposite of what Norway was a thousand years before and is also worldwide known. This is just because the people are determined and focused on their work which helps them to grow and do wonders in their real life.